LOVELY ANTIQUE SPANISH BRONZE KNIGHT TEMPLAR RING. WEIGHT: 2,2 grs. 21 x 5 mm. Great quality with spectacular cross, for the best collections. Spectacular museum piece, scarceee. The Order of the Templars. Founded in Jerusalem in 1118 by Hugo de Payns and eight other French knights, with the name of Poor Knights of Christ. Their mission was to protect pilgrims who came to the Holy Places. Later, the king of Jerusalem, Baldwin II, installed them in the near the ancient temple of Solomon palace, so they changed their name to the Knights Templar. During the time of the Crusades, the Templars actively participated in the defense of Palestine, which had many strengths. At the same time they acted as bankers pilgrims, so they obtained great wealth. Being expelled the Christians of Palestine, the Templars retreated to Cyprus. In the Iberian peninsula they were established during the twelfth century; first in Catalonia, Aragon and Navarra. They were responsible for the defense of the borders and participated in numerous expeditions against the Muslims conquest of Lleida, Tortosa, Valencia, Mallorca, etc. All this contributed to the economic and social dominance of the Templars were ever increasing, so that in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries owned large estates in the eastern part of the peninsula. In the castellanoleonés kingdom they were established shortly after Aragon, also collaborating in the task of Recapture. Alfonso VII gave them the strength of Calatrava; They collaborated in making Cuenca, in the famous battle of Las Navas de Tolosa (1212) and the conquest of Seville. In France, the Templars had become bankers of kings. Philip IV the Fair, dedicated to seize their property, convinced Pope Clement V that initiate a process against the Templars, accusing them of impiety (1307). The Grand Master of the Order, Jacques de Molay, and 140 members were arrested. Presumed innocent at the Council of Vienne (1311), Clement V dissolved the order and created a commission to reeprendió the process. They were sentenced to prison, but the royal council of Philip IV sentenced to death by relapses. The king seized their chattels and gave his possessions to the hospital. In the other European countries did not prosper the allegations but, following the dissolution of the order, the Templars were dispersed and their property passed to the Crown (Castilla), other orders new foundation (Montesa in Valencia and Jesus Christ in Portugal). Spain Artifact from old collection. All coins and pieces for sale have been part of ancient collections so are examples of high quality, conservation and rarity in the world of numismatics, proving to be highly coveted for its growing scarcity so I encourage you to acquire a authentic and precious jewel for your collection. GENUINE PIECE WITH NATURAL PHOTO, AUTHENTIC 100% GUARANTIED. Check out my other items. Greetings and good luck…. The item “Authentic Spanish Medieval Knight Templar Cross Ring Religious Crusaders 11-12th” is in sale since Monday, August 20, 2018. This item is in the category “Antiques\Antiquities\Viking”. The seller is “serfleon” and is located in Alcorcón. This item can be shipped worldwide.